After nearly twenty enjoyable years in publishing, we have now retired. We have decided to leave our website up and running as a legacy site, where you will still find advice and access to the books we have published over the years. It’s been great working with all our authors and we wish all future writers success with their endeavours.
Having made the decision to search for the Beloved in the Beautiful Garden, Arabella finds herself clothed in an earthly body wearing a pink dress, and to her surprise, a man called Jim thinks she is Sofia, his girlfriend.
In this 8th story in The Beautiful Garden, Arabella’s journey to find the Beloved takes her on adventures beyond her imagination as she becomes entangled in a police search. But, with the help of Rat, she sets out on her mission once again, leading her to Wolf and the Stolen Angel in the depth of the Moors.
Once again, we are treated to Gloria’s own paintings to illustrate her story, bringing her characters to life.
Votive Treasures is the first part of a digital catalogue of artefacts found in and around Godmanchester in Cambridgeshire. Compiled by Kate Hadley and Professor Stephen Upex.
The PDF catalogue describes each entry in detail and with good quality resolution images for private use and individual research.It was originally available as a DVD for sale (ISBN: 978-1-911526-17-9) but has now been made available as a digital book online, on the internet archiveat https://archive.org/details/votivetreasures.
The free pictures in this catalogue are also available at high resolution on request from Kate Hadley, sometimes up to 4 megapixels. This has been done to provide people with a decent image to use in print, film and posters, facilitate their work and remove the problem of cost. I will be happy to send you higher resolution pictures and attributions, but would ask that attributions are used in a way that honours collectors and the academics who have given this project their time and expertise.
Votives and favourite gods; secrets from the ancient world. A foreword by Stephen Upex, FSA, MIFA
This is a catalogue of material from Godmanchester, the Roman town of Durovigutum, but also from the Cambridgeshire Roman province, roughly along the Fen edge and the main Roman roads from the coast and from London to Hadrian’s Wall. It contains the scholarly identification of artefacts along with high quality photographs which come from chance finds, local, private collections and items of international importance on display in major museums. This particular section of the catalogue deals with the religious aspects of Roman life within the area and aims to give an insight into the sometimes complex thinking behind the belief systems of the period and the symbolism, status and values which people placed on the worship of their deities.
Roman gods are well represented but the local Celtic gods, which dominated in the earlier Iron Age, are still present and show the way that Roman law and officialdom allowed the continued worship of traditional gods. Indeed, the marrying of Roman with Celtic deities is significant for placating the unrest that the removal of earlier, traditional gods might have caused and was a deliberate policy throughout the empire. The collection presented here contains descriptions and images of the gods on a variety of objects ranging from Minerva, shown on a knife handle – who might have brought wisdom and wit to the dining table – to hunting images of Hercules or the goddess Diana on pottery vessels – perhaps reflecting the host’s own skill or love of the hunt.The highlight of the collection has to be the animal pipe-clay figurines accompanying the burial of a child into her afterlife and provides an extraordinary and poignant comment on the parents who provided their daughter with such fine objects for her funeral. Kate Hadley has done a remarkable job in first assembling this collection and then preparing the catalogue which is both user-friendly and erudite and will be a valuable addition to the academic world in a wider sphere and to people and schools within the area. I think that all the archaeologists, including the distinguished Michael Green have enjoyed working on this project because the finds are fascinating, but not least because Kate is a good colleague.The Romans were like us in many ways and this fascinating catalogue both entertains and informs us with some of the secrets from the ancient world.
Alison Taylor, Former County Archaeologist for Cambridgeshire:
“Kate Hadley has compiled an exceptional record of Roman artefacts from Godmanchester and Cambridgeshire. The photographs, many of great beauty as well as important archaeological records, and their attendant notes, make a marvellous educational resource that we hope will be used in many schools as well as by archaeologists, historians and everyone excited by their local past.”
Simon Thurley, Architectural Historian, Chief Executive of English Heritage 2002-2015 (on the original DVD):
“This DVD is a wonderful treasure trove of ancient treasures. I hope it will inspire people to be passionate about Godmanchester and stimulate a fascination with its deep and wonderful history.”
Quinton Carroll, Historical Environment Team Manager, Cambridgeshire:
“A welcome educational resource showing what stories of the past lie beneath our feet through the wide variety of objects found in Godmanchester, one of our least understood Roman towns, and from wider Cambridgeshire.”
David Stokes, Chairman, Porch Museum:
“Our community owes a debt of thanks to Kate Hadley for compiling this superb catalogue of an important aspect of our history. The work and dedication in preparing this record of Roman artefacts has resulted in this unique archaeological record which will be appreciated by everyone interested in the history of our town.”
The project received a Huntingdonshire Local History Society Goodliff Award and has been aided by a grant from the Cambridge Antiquarian Society.
Copies of high resolution images are available from Kate Hadley. Please email email@example.com, specifying page number and image.
The author v Editor’s notes vi How to use this book vii
PART 1 – FAMILY HISTORY UK 5
1 Why research your family history? 6 Why research a family history? 7 Why are YOU researching your family history? 9 To Do list 10 Top Tips 12 Where to next? 12
2 Creating your family tree 13 Get started 14 Types of family tree 14 Expanding the basic family tree 16 Creating a relationship chart 17 Top Tips 20 Where to next? 20
3 Getting started in your family history research 21 My Nan, Doris Mary Nash 23 Marriage indexes and certificates 23 Family letters 25 UK birth indexes and census 26 Family stories 28 Death 30 An addition to my tree 31 The personal impact 32 Getting started 34 It’s all in the name! 35 Keeping your own records 36 Parish registers 37 Bishops’ transcripts 37 Accessing the UK census 37 Civil registration 39 Scottish and Irish civil registration 47 Top Tips 48 Where to next? 50
4 Key websites – UK genealogy 51 The internet and family history 52 UK and Ireland based archives 53 Other international archives 57 A note of caution 59 To Do 60 Top Tips 60 Where to next? 61
5 Making sense of the UK census 62 Introduction 63 A practical example of using the censuses 64 How census information was collected 73 General use of censuses 74 Useful websites for the census 75 Information recorded by the UK census from 1841 onwards 75 Making more use of pre-1841 UK censuses 77 Even earlier? 80 To Do 81 Top Tips 81 Where to next 84
6 Nonconformist records 85 Nonconformists 86 Hardwicke’s Marriage Act of 1753 88 The Wesleyan Methodist Registry 90 The Protestant Dissenters Registry 91 To Do 93 Top Tips 94 Where to next? 95
7 Hands-on in the archives 96 Visiting your archives 98 A visit to the Cambridgeshire Archives 98 Parish baptism 101 Settlement 102 Bastardy 103 Military records 104 Manorial/estate records 105 Manorial court records 106 Rate books 108 Doctors’ handwriting? 108 To Do 109 Top Tips 110
8 Using English parish registers 112 A brief history 114 Example 1: Charles Parker, 2x great grandfather 115 Example 2: Mary Hart 118 Example 3: George Needs, on my grandmother’s side 120 To Do 122 Top Tips 123 Where to next? 126
9 Preserving documents 127 Scanning or photocopying documents 128 Labelling, storage and handling of old photographs 129 Caring for family heirlooms 129 To Do 130 Top Tips 130 Where to next? 132
10 Occupations – Malster to Mariner 133 Prickwillow 134 Encountering Edward 135 ‘Ag lab’ – Edward’s father 136 Information on the birth certificate 136 Information on the marriage certificate 137 Edward the Malster 138 Edward is missing! 141 Edward the Mariner 142 To Do 143 Top Tips 144 Where to next? 145
11 Occupations – The Railway Man 146 Trade directories 148 UK Railway Employment Records 149 Two marriages 150 On burials and graves 150 Retirement 151 The RCA (Railway Clerks Association) 153 To Do 155 Top Tips 155 Where to next? 159
12 Occupations – Policeman 160 Ambition – Policeman 161 Family memories 163 The census 164 A full life 165 A final mystery 165 Further sources for your police ancestors 166 To Do 167 Top Tips 167 Where to next? 168
13 Occupations – The Letter Carrier 169 Robert’s marriage 171 The Letter Carrier 172 To Do 175 Top Tips 175 Where to next? 177
14 Military – World War I – Alfred Hatton 178 Where to start? 180 When was Alfred’s recorded death? 180 World War I service and operational records 182 Casualty records 183 Rolls of Honour 184 The search continues – The war diaries 185 Missing, presumed dead 186 To Do 187 Top Tips 188 Where to next? 189
15 Military – WWII – Uncle Eddie 190 Edward David Nash 191 Army service records 194 Annual report and employment sheet (regular Army only) 198 Emigration plans 198 Eddie’s last days 199 Inquisition document 201 To Do 202 Top Tips 203 Where to next? 206
16 Your enslaved ancestors 207 Slavery in the UK 208 Slavery in the US 209 Finding records of slave ancestors 210 Can DNA tests help? 213 To Do 214 Top Tips 214 Where to Next? 214
17 Your criminal ancestors 215 How to trace your criminal ancestors 216 Newspapers 216 The Courts 217 Subscription websites 219 Further information and links 220 Sources 224
18 Obituaries and wills 225 Obituaries 226 Wills 226 Writing wills 227 Finding wills and inheritance 228 Wills 1858 onwards 229 Wills pre 1858 229 How to break through your brick walls when searching for wills 230 Finding wills II 231 To Do 232 Top Tips 232
19 William – Lost relative in Australia 233 BMD and service records 235 Western Australian Post Office Directories 236 State Library of Western Australia 237 Rockingham Museum Australia 238 To Do 239 Top Tips 240 Where to next? 241
20 Going beyond the dates 242 Nature or nurture? 243 DNA testing 243 Dates: Not the kind you eat, or ‘blind dates’ but dates! 248 The College of Arms 250 Other sources of information 251 General research and context: 252 Recommended reading 253 To Do 254 Top Tips 254 Where to next? 255
21 Keeping up to date 256 The Family History Site (FHS) 257 TV and radio 257 Family history fairs 258 To Do 259 Top Tips 259 Where to next? 260
PART 2 – FAMILY HISTORY ABROAD 261
22 Your ancestors in Wales 263 Wales 263 Surnames 264 BMD 264 Census 264 The National Library of Wales 265 Other useful websites 265
23 Your ancestors in Scotland 266 Scotland 266 Scotland’s people 267 Other records 268
24 Your ancestors in Northern Ireland 269 Northern Ireland 269 Introduction 270 BMD 270 Census 271 Parish registers 272 Key contacts and useful websites 272 Recommended text: 272
25 Your ancestors in Ireland 273 Ireland 273 Introduction 274 BMD 275 Census 275 Key contacts 275 Recommended text: 276 Other useful websites 276
26 Your ancestors in Europe 277 British Records 277 Huguenot Society 278 Naturalisation 278 European sources 279 Further help 280
27 Your ancestors in Andorra 282 Andorra 282 Introduction 286 BMD 286 Census 288 Emigrants and immigrants 289 Parish registers 290 Key contacts and useful websites 292
28 Your ancestors in Austria 293 Austria 293 Introduction 294 BMD 296 Census 296
29 Your ancestors in Belgium 298 Belgium 298 Introduction 300 BMD 300 Census 301 Emigrants and immigrants 302 Parish registers 303 Key contacts and useful websites 304 Recommended text: 304
30 Your ancestors in Cyprus 305 Cyprus 305 BMD 305 Further Cyprus resources: 306
31 Your ancestors in Czechia (currently The Czech Republic) 307 Czechia (The Czech Republic) 307 Introduction 309 BMD 309 Census 310 Emigrants and immigrants 311 Parish registers 312 Key contacts and useful websites 313
32 Your ancestors in France 314 France 314 Introduction 316 BMD 316 Census 317 Emigrants and immigrants 318 Parish registers 319 Key contacts and useful websites 320
33 Your ancestors in Germany 321 History 321 Introduction 323 BMD 323 Census 325 Emigrants and immigrants 326 Parish registers 327 Key contacts and useful websites 329
34 Your ancestors in Greece 330 Greece 330 Introduction 332 BMD 333 Census 335 Emigrants and immigrants 337 Parish registers 338 Key contacts and useful websites 340
35 Your ancestors in Hungary 341 History 341 Introduction 343 BMD 343 Census 345 Emigrants and immigrants 345 Parish registers 346 Key contacts and useful websites 348
36 Your ancestors in The Netherlands 349 The Netherlands 349 Introduction 352 BMD 352 Census 354 Emigrants and immigrants 356 Emigration records (Emigratie registers) 357 Parish registers 358 Membership records (Lidmaten) 360 Key contacts and useful websites 361
37 Your ancestors in Poland 362 Poland 362 Introduction 363 BMD 364 Census 367 Emigrants and immigrants 369 Parish registers 370 Key contacts and useful websites 372
38 Your ancestors in Slovakia 373 Slovak Republic 373 BMD 375 Census 376 Emigrants and immigrants 376 Parish registers 377 Key contacts and useful websites 378
39 Your ancestors in Slovenia 379 Republic of Slovenia 379 Introduction 381 BMD 381 Census 382 Emigrants and immigrants 383 Parish registers 384 Key contacts and useful websites 385
40 Your ancestors in Switzerland 386 Switzerland 386 Introduction 389 BMD 389 Census 390 Emigrants and immigrants 390 Parish registers 391 Key contacts and useful websites 394
41 Your ancestors in Asia 395 China 396 Sources: 396 Indonesia 397 Israel 398 Japan 400 Malaysia 402 Russia 403 Thailand 405
42 Your ancestors in India 407 States and territories 408 Honourable East India Company (HEIC) records 408 The National Archives of India 408 Civil registration 409 British military records 409 Further sources of help 410
43 Your ancestors in Australia 411 How track your Australian ancestors 411 BMD 412 Migration records 413 Convicts 414
44 Your ancestors in New Zealand 416 The land of the long, white cloud 416 Background to immigration 417 Birth, marriage and death (BMD) records 419 Other useful websites 419 Sources for this blog: 420
45 Your ancestors in the USA 421 USA 421 Introduction 422 BMD 422 Census 424 Emigrants 424 Key contacts and useful websites 425 Book 425
46 The Cigar Maker and the Hungarian-American Photographer 426 Marriage and children 426 American cousins? 427 New York, New York 429 Kornel W Beniczky 430 Make contact 432 Sources 433
47 O Canada! Land of our ancestors 435 Introduction 435 Records 436 Birth, marriage and death (BMD) 436 Parish registers 437 Census 437 Immigration 438 Archives 439 Sources and further websites 440
48 Country not mentioned? 441 Africa 441 Asia 443 Australasia/Oceania 444 Europe 445 North America (and Central America) 447 South America 447 End notes 449
Part Three Tying up loose ends Alcohol – A Deadly Toxin Church v Recovery Back on Track A Vision is Born Number 3 What’s wrong with the occult? The character of Satan Satanism God Cannot Be Mocked False Idols The dangers of the occult The Living Word of God God’s power changing lives Three Divine Appointments Story One – Joniva’s story: Story Two – Christian meets Satanist: Story Three. A Busker set free Points to Consider Secular Systems Does Satan exist? Made in God’s image Looking after your temple Tattoos Baphomet The sound of hooves Fear of coming into the light Pride Be a free woman Only accountable to God Catholicism v Christianity Torniquet on the Holy Spirit Deception and Syncretism Don’t remain an overfed baby A false Holy Spirit at work The Impact of Anger Abusive Partners – Woman Know Your Worth Fear, Anxiety and Depression Using The Arts Coping Strategies Examine Your Own Heart Sixty guidance tips Books I recommend About the author Deborah J Hawkins Reality Check Be Encouraged My thanks to God To my brothers and sisters in Christ For the soul that sits on the fence Pray
In the Wilderness of Spirits author, Mark Rimmington, describes his journey through life. Temptation and evil exerted their presence and sought to corrupt his soul whilst he was trying to find God, making his journey an often troubled and twisted path.
But the thread of God had been with Mark from his first memory. As Mark says, “God has been very patient with me and on more than one occasion saved my life and stopped me ending up in jail.”
This is also a story of redemption, finding a greater peace of mind, true love and a firm faith in God.
“So, I thank God for saving my body and soul, and I try to live a life of humble service. As I listen to the radio and hear of the atrocities around the world, I realise people may wonder, “Where is God?” Life on earth was not meant to be perfect, it is a battleground between good and evil, and one day, the battle will be won by God, in God’s time.”
“I hope this book will be read by someone and they also come to Christ.”
Any profits from the sale of this book will go the The Cambridge Churches Homeless Project.
In 2015, Chris looked out and down the close of Hall End in Milton and wondered what unusual events might be happening there, if you only had the imagination to see them.
The result has been a record of the ‘Unusual Occurrences at Hall End’ in this limited edition of 108 books.
This book includes 51 of the events, from the first arrival and partying of the pothole trolls in the rather damaged 2015 road, to the ritual slaying of a COVID virus in 2021. Hall End has had its fair share of visitors, from a diplodocus, a couple of mammoths, and the occasional clutch of benign human clones. When the weather gets too bad, it can be changed. Chris has repaired the moon and even assisted in a solar eclipse. And when the road floods, well, let’s just say that things happen!
This book was part of Chris’s 2021 July Cambridge Open Studios exhibition, where a collection of the ‘Unusual Occurrences’ photos were displayed for the first time.
‘January 17th, 1945; it was cold and bleak, but dry, and I was shivering in my short sleeved shirt, whilst waiting on the snow-covered parade-ground of my new home-to-be for the next four years. There were about sixty of us, all different shapes and sizes, similarly waiting, though most, I noticed, better dressed than I. My life had inexorably changed. I was 15 and I was in the Royal Navy!’
Robert Hedger gives us insights and humour with his sea-going tales and memories of time spent in The Royal Navy. He travelled the world, seeing new places, meeting new friends and sharing it all with the love of his life, Clarissa!
He describes the reality of getting a ship ready for the conflict in Suez, life in Malta, being an experimental subject in Hong Kong, sailing to Scandinavia and working on the Royal Yacht Britannia! He played hockey for the Royal Navy and still is a Scottish country dancer.
Proceeds from the book will go to the AT Society.
Paperback, 146 pages, Colour and Black & White photographs